The global body in charge of allocating Internet addresses expects to hand out the final blocks of IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) addresses to regional registrars early next year, it said Monday.Those allocations would mark a depletion at the global level of IPv4 addresses -- something that has been anticipated for years -- and put further pressure on network operators to switch to the newer IPv6 address system, which has massively more addresses available.[ It's time to get cracking on your IPv6 transition plan. | IPv6 laggards have to watch out for another pitfall in the transition: the black market for IP addresses, as reported by InfoWorld's Mel Beckman. | Keep up on the latest networking news with our Technology: Networking newsletter. ]After a recent allocation of IPv4 numbers to APNIC, the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for the Asia Pacific region, the Number Resources Organization (NRO) said that the global pool of free addresses it manages now stands at just 12 blocks. … [Read more...] about IPv4 addresses will run out within months, NRO warns
Just four months after the 2012 World IPv6 Launch Day, RIPE NCC -- the RIR (Regional Internet Registry) for Europe, the Middle East, and parts of Central Asia -- has announced that it has distributed its last available blocks of IPv4 address space, urging that "it is now imperative that all stakeholders deploy IPv6 on their networks to ensure the continuity of their online operations and the future growth of the Internet."RIPE's exhaustion of the IPv4 addresses means that moving forward, "each LIR (Local Internet Registry) can receive only one /22 (1,024 IPv4 addresses) upon application for IPv4 resources," according to RIPE. "In order to obtain this /22 allocation, the LIR must already have an IPv6 allocation. No new IPv4 PI (Provider Independent) space will be assigned."RIPE's depletion of IPv4 addresses yet again accentuates the urgency of enterprises and service providers to migrate to IPv6, the latest version of the protocol, which has been available for more than a decade and … [Read more...] about Scramble for IPv6 begins as Europe depletes IPv4 URLs
Network and Web site operators are coming under increasing pressure to support IPv6 -- the long-anticipated upgrade to the Internet's main communications protocol -- as more market indicators point to the rapid depletion of addresses for IPv4.The Number Resource Organization (NRO announced on Tuesday that only 8% of IPv4 addresses remain unallocated. The NRO consists of the five Regional Internet Registries, which dole out blocks of IPv4 and IPv6 address space to carriers.The NRO's latest figures are significant because the Internet infrastructure must be upgraded to support both IPv4 and IPv6. IPv4 uses 32-bit addresses and can support 4.3 billion devices connected directly to the Internet. IPv6, on the other hand, uses 128-bit addresses and supports a virtually unlimited number of devices.When IPv4 addresses run out -- which is projected to occur in 2011 or 2012 -- carriers including Verizon and Comcast plan to provide their customers with IPv6 addresses.Meanwhile, Web site operators … [Read more...] about Reasons for Supporting IPv6 Continue to Pile Up
The global body in charge of allocating Internet addresses expects to hand out the final blocks of IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) addresses to regional registrars early next year, it said Monday.Those allocations would mark a depletion at the global level of IPv4 addresses -- something that has been anticipated for years -- and put further pressure on network operators to switch to the newer IPv6 address system, which has massively more addresses available.After a recent allocation of IPv4 numbers to APNIC, the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for the Asia Pacific region, the Number Resources Organization (NRO) said that the global pool of free addresses it manages now stands at just 12 blocks. Each block represents 16 million addresses, or 1/256th of the roughly 4 billion IPv4 addresses available."This is a major milestone in the life of the Internet, and means that allocation of the last blocks of IPv4 to the RIRs is imminent," said Axel Pawlik, NRO chairman, in a statement. "It … [Read more...] about Final IPv4 Addresses to Be Issued Within Months, NRO Warns
Internet policymakers are expected to announce next week the predicament that they've been warning about for years: The pool of available IPv4 addresses is all dried up. IPv6 Is Coming Whether IT Deparments Are Ready or Not Once all of the IPv4 addresses have been distributed, carriers will only be able to acquire addresses that support the replacement technology, known as IPv6, which is not backward-compatible with IPv4, the current version of the Internet's main communications protocol.PANIC TIME QUIZ: How prepared are you for IPv6?The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and the Number Resource Organization (NRO) are believed to be preparing an announcement for Thursday that they have handed out all of the remaining IPv4 addresses to the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs).The registries, in turn, will dole out the final blocks of IPv4 addresses to carriers during the next few months. Each registry -- including the American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) in North … [Read more...] about IPv4…Going, Going, G…
Let's call it a clash of cultures: engineers who know the Internet inside out on the one side and government policy makers grappling to understand it on the other.For the past two years, both parties have been engaged in a frequently acrimonious debate on how the Internet should be governed. That debate reached its zenith at the United Nations-sponsored World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in Tunis, Tunisia, last week when all declared victory.How, you may ask, can everyone claim victory when some of the opposing groups are about as far away as the Earth and moon? The answer: the agreement on Internet governance signed in Tunis is open to interpretation. Nearly everyone -- the governments of the U.S. and the European Union as well as the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) -- are reading into the agreement essentially what they want to read.Take, for example, the U.S., which has fought to retain its … [Read more...] about WSIS – Net governance: Will anything change?
The National Security Agency (NSA) had a problem familiar to any enterprise IT manager executive: it was running out of space for hundreds of disparate relational databases that contain everything from back-office information to intelligence on foreign interests. And it needed to consolidate those databases to make it easier for NSA analysts to do their job.The NSA’s initial approach was to scale up capacity. But halfway through the process, the staff realized that simply increasing the scope of the network was not going to work. So, CIO Lonny Anderson convinced General Keith Alexander, who was then Director of the NSA and Commander of U.S. Cyber Command, to approve a move to the cloud.Today, as the private cloud project continues to be rolled out, the agency is seeing the benefits. Tasks that took analysts days now take as little as minutes, costs have been reduced, and the management and protection of information has taken a huge step forward.To learn about this effort, which … [Read more...] about Exclusive: Inside the NSA’s private cloud
I never cease to be amazed by the Internet and how easily I can digitally communicate with someone, anyone really, in the entire world. It must take a great deal of cooperation to keep the addresses of millions of people who use the Internet straight. You may ask what this has to do with IPv6, and that's a good question.While researching IPv6, I realized I didn't fully understand the management system that oversees Internet naming and, more importantly, Internet addressing. Once I did, I gained a healthy respect for the process as well as a deeper understanding of how everything else pertaining to the Internet works. With that in mind, I'd like to pass on my newfound information and appreciation.One comment that I always hear is how well the Internet scales. I believe that hierarchical modeling is the reason why the Internet scales and is able to meet new demands. What I find fascinating is that the management system behind the Internet is also based on hierarchical modeling, starting … [Read more...] about IPv6: Who’s in charge?
The Number Resource Organization (NRO) represents the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) and is responsible for the unused IPv4 addresses as explained in their charter: "The NRO exists to protect the unallocated Number Resource pool, to promote and protect the bottom-up policy development process, and to act as a focal point for Internet community input into the RIR system."That's great, but why tell me, you may ask. Well, they feel the IPv4 address space has reached a critical juncture. That is, the number of remaining IPv4 addresses is less than 10 percent. If you are a clock watcher, you can keep track of the estimated days left before they are all gone at the Internet Society Web site.What's 10 percent?The IPv4 addressing scheme consists of a 32-bit address space. According to RIPE that means IPv4 address space is 32-bits (232) in size and contains 4,294,967,296 addresses. At the time of this article, my iPhone app showed that 402,291,729 addresses (9.4 percent) remained. … [Read more...] about IPv4 addresses: They are almost gone
The United Launch Alliance Delta IV Rocket was ready for the purpose it had been built for. So it launched a spy satellite belonging to the US Intelligence into orbit around the earth. Get the Free Tracker App to find a Nintendo Switch in Stock Take-off took place from the Coast of California. It was given a boost by twin solid rocket motors. This is the fourth in a series of information gathering satellites that comprise the Topaz Project. Topaz was a code word that was divulged by CIA whistleblower Edward Snowden. The slogan and image for the mission consist of the words “For those who have given all, we remember” and a warrior in sorrow over a memorial to a martyred comrade respectively.It was seen to it that the confidentiality was maintained. So the Webcast was curtailed five minutes into the launch of the spy satellite.The solid motors and payload detached from the main body after a while. It was indeed a moment of pride for the ULA to have delivered such a … [Read more...] about US Military Spy Satellite Begins Secret Mission After Delta Launch